Colorful Tufts of Tulle Float Down the California Coastline in New Photographs by Thomas Jackson


Art
Photography

#installation
#textiles

March 16, 2021
Grace Ebert

All images © Thomas Jackson, shared with permission
2020 was a year of many realizations, but for Thomas Jackson (previously), the most profound was “proof of the adage that creativity thrives under constraints.” Known for suspending swarms of everyday objects on the rocky shores of the Isle of Man or desert locales across the southwest U.S., the photographer shifted his practice as lockdowns spread and limited his ability to travel beyond nearby landscapes.
The resulting series reflects these restrictions and focuses on a single location and adaptable material: swaths of colorful nylon float above the beaches and down the California coastline, creating compositions that juxtapose the natural environment with the bright, manufactured materials. “I chose tulle for its mutability—depending on how it’s arranged and how the wind catches it, it can morph from a solid to a liquid, to fire to billowing smoke,” Jackson says.
Shot on 4×5 film with little to no editing, the photographs convey a pared-down approach. Rather than hire people to help him install the sculptural objects in exact positions, Jackson utilized driftwood to prop up the lightweight textiles and the wind to infuse the fabric with movement. He explains:
On every shoot, Northern California’s offshore breezes were my collaborator, the force that transformed my installations from lifeless fabric to living things. As collaborations go it was a tumultuous one—of the twenty or so pieces I built and photographed last year, thirteen were failures—but along the way, I learned a thing or two about the importance of staying on nature’s good side. When I built pieces that obstructed or defied the wind in any way, I’d go home unhappy, but when my constructions respected and responded to the wind, interesting things would occur!
Jackson shares a wide array of his work that mimics the amorphous, self-organizing patterns of birds, insects, and other animals, along with behind-the-scenes shots and footage of his process, on Instagram.

#installation
#textiles

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Why Countries Around the World Are Suspending Use of AstraZeneca’s COVID-19 Vaccine

It’s the last thing public health officials want to see in the midst of a pandemic: more than two months after pharmaceutical giant AstraZeneca and Oxford University scientists released their COVID-19 vaccine, countries in Europe and elsewhere are pausing its use amid disconcerting reports that a small number of recipients have experienced blood clots, some of them fatal. If that weren’t enough, a new study also showed the vaccine was not effective in protecting people from a variant of the COVID-19 virus that originated in South Africa and is slowly gaining ground in other parts of the world. In the report published in the New England Journal of Medicine, scientists in South Africa found that two doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine were about 22% efficacious in protecting people from getting sick sick with COVID-19 from the new variant of the virus, known as B.1.351. While there were no severe cases of COVID-19 report among the more than 2000 people in the study, that efficacy is not sufficient enough protection since similar percentages of people who got the vaccine as who received the placebo became sick. That means that the utility of the AstraZeneca vaccine, including against B.1.351, needs to be carefully weighed against the burden of the pandemic to determine if the vaccine is worth using in areas where the variant is spreading quickly.

More immediately, the company is also contending with continued fallout from reports of blood clots among people who have been vaccinated with its shot. The European Medicines Agency, which oversees drugs and vaccines in Europe, is expected to issue a guidance on March 18 about whether the side effects were related to the vaccine after reviewing these reports; in the meantime, it says the benefits of the shot outweigh any potential risks. Despite that reassurance, European countries including France, Germany, Italy and more have suspended vaccinations with the AstraZeneca shot. Venezuela, which has not yet authorized the AstraZeneca vaccine, now says it will not do so. “What we’re seeing is a domino effect,” says Dr. Anna Durbin, professor of international health at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. “Nobody wants to be the country that didn’t stop [vaccinating] and then find out that the side effects are really related [to the vaccine].” It’s not clear yet whether the blood clots are related to the vaccine or not—that’s what regulatory agencies in the various countries are now investigating. It’s expected that side effects will emerge after large numbers of people are immunized with a new vaccine. The key is to determine if these events would have occurred anyway if people hadn’t received the shot, or whether they are more intimately related to the vaccine. “When this occurs, it’s incumbent on public health agencies to quickly determine whether or not that vaccine adverse event is occurring more commonly in the vaccinated group than the unvaccinated group,” says Dr. Paul Offit, professor of pediatrics and director of the vaccine education center at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, and a member of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s vaccine advisory committee. On March 14, AstraZeneca released a statement standing by its vaccine, noting that a “careful review” of data from the 17 million people vaccinated in the E.U. and U.K. with its shot so far “has shown no evidence of an increased risk of pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis, (DVT) or thrombocytopenia, in any defined age group, gender, batch or in any particular country.” The company also noted that so far, among the millions vaccinated in the E.U. and U.K., just 15 have developed DVT, or blood clots in vein blood vessels, and 22 have developed clots in the lungs that originated elsewhere and traveled to pulmonary arteries. Those figures, AstraZeneca said, are much lower than the number of cases expected to occur naturally in that population. The company also said there were no issues relating to compromised batches of the shot. AstraZeneca did not immediately respond to TIME’s requests for comment on the temporary halts of vaccination programs, or their plans for addressing skepticism about the safety of the shot.

Many countries pausing use of the AstraZeneca vaccine are dealing with rising COVID-19 cases and are just starting their vaccination programs — the suspension will only hamper those efforts. Among E.U. countries, only 9% of the population has received at least one dose of the several two-dose vaccines currently available to them. Furthermore, Offit argues the stoppage may seed more doubt about the safety and efficacy of all coronavirus vaccines in the minds of an already skeptical public. “When you scare people, it’s hard to un-scare them,” he says. “I would argue that in the face of a pandemic, especially when [vaccination] is the only chance of being protected, the halts are not a conservative thing to do, but a radical thing to do.” Offit points to data from AstraZeneca’s Phase 3 clinical trials in the U.K., Brazil, and South Africa, where no serious side effects were reported among more than 17,000 participants. Those trials showed that the vaccine was 67% efficacious in protecting people against COVID-19 disease after 14 days, and 82% efficacious after 12 weeks. Researchers did not report concerning incidents of blood clots or other side effects beyond those occurring at expected rates in the study population. So why the uproar? It’s likely a combination of numerous factors, beginning with the early days of AstraZeneca’s late stage human testing. Public health experts found the data from the company’s Phase 3 trial—which were used to gain authorization in the U.K.—hard to interpret, since the researchers pooled several studies into one, and changes were made after the study began in both the doses people received and the timing of the shots. For example, mistakes in the doses of the vaccine led some participants to receive the planned two full doses, spaced one month apart, while others received a half dose and then a full dose. Some also had their doses spaced one month apart, while others ended up waiting three months for their second shot due to supply delays. On top of those changes, people in different countries received different placebos. Whether any of these factors affects the vaccine’s safety isn’t clear, but they have led some to be wary of the shot. “The skepticism and increased scrutiny on the AstraZeneca vaccine has a lot to do with how early things were handled by both Oxford and the company in terms of how they reported things,” says Durbin. “The early stumbles out of the gate has affected the perception of the vaccine without a doubt.”

A U.S. study of the vaccine, which began in September, was completed in January (Durbin led one of the study sites at Johns Hopkins). Given the confusing interpretations of the U.K.-based trial results, a lot is riding on those findings. Dr. Ann Falsey, professor of medicine at the University of Rochester who was involved in designing the U.S. trial, hopes the results will clarify some of the confusion generated by the earlier U.K.-based study. “It was large, it was rigorously designed, ahead of time, and there were no changes that happened during the study,” she says. All participants were randomly assigned to either receive two full doses of the vaccine, one month apart, or a placebo. The company is currently analyzing the data and is expected to submit a request for FDA authorization soon. Adding to the concerns is that AstraZeneca’s previous vaccine trial was put on hold last September after a report of a serious adverse event occurring in a study participant. The study was halted for three days in the U.K., and resumed there after the company determined the unexplained illness was not related to its vaccine. The study was resumed in Brazil and South Africa about a month later, while the U.S. trial restarted on Oct. 23. AstraZeneca’s confusing trial results and the study’s temporary suspension led to a crisis of confidence that convinced governments around the world to hit the breaks on its vaccine when the blood clotting reports surfaced. “The reports do seem to have taken off more than the [side effect] reports from the other vaccines,” says Offit. Still, Falsey says “there is no reason to panic.” “To judge the outcome now would be very premature,” she adds. “I do think the bulk of data shows the vaccine is very safe.” If AstraZeneca’s shot stays on the sidelines for long, it could reshape the global battle against the pandemic. The company has committed to providing a large supply of its COVID-19 shot to underserved countries and those who can’t afford to purchase them through the COVAX program. The company has separately agreed to provide 3 billion doses to countries including Russia, India, South Korea, Japan, China, Latin America and Brazil. In these countries and elsewhere, convincing people that the AstraZeneca vaccine—as well as other COIVD-19 inoculations—is safe and effective will be critical to ensuring that the shots find their ways into arms, which is the only way to finally slow the virus and curb the pandemic.

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Copycat Baileys Irish Cream

Homemade Irish Cream is the perfect addition to your morning coffee, delicious served over ice cream and perfect over ice for sipping.Did you know it takes less than 5 minutes to make this Copycat Baileys Irish Cream at home (and the flavor is amazing)?

This easy recipe comes from the McNab Family Cookbook, a little self published cookbook with some of my favorite Irish inspired recipes (among many other goodies). There are actually 3 Homemade Baileys Irish cream recipes in my little book with different ingredients (eggs, chocolate syrup and rum). I combined the parts I liked best to create this delicious recipe.
Ingredients

Sweetened Condensed Milk thickens and sweetens the mixture.
Light Cream makes this creamy of course and helps balance out the sweetness of the condensed milk.
Whiskey is used to spike this treat. No need for a fancy whiskey, an inexpensive brand works just as well.
Flavor Instant coffee and vanilla add flavor.

To Make Irish Cream without Alcohol
This Irish cream can be made without alcohol. Skip the whiskey and add a teaspoon or so of rum extract or whiskey extract. Brands can vary so add a little bit at a time until you reach the desired flavor!

Storage
As long as your cream is fresh, this will last about 2 weeks in the fridge.
If giving this as a gift, leave a note to ensure your recipients refrigerate it.

Recipes to Spike with Irish Cream

Copycat Baileys Irish Cream

Copycat Baileys Irish Cream is creamy & flavorful with a bit of a kick. The best part is, it’s ready in under 5 minutes!

Combine all ingredients in jar with a tight-fitting lid.Shake to mix well. Chill at least 24 hours before serving.Store in the refrigerator up to 2 weeks.
This Irish cream can be made without alcohol. Skip the whiskey and add a teaspoon or so of rum or whiskey extract. While the flavor is slightly different, it’s delicious!

Calories: 215, Carbohydrates: 19g, Protein: 3g, Fat: 9g, Saturated Fat: 6g, Cholesterol: 33mg, Sodium: 49mg, Potassium: 145mg, Sugar: 18g, Vitamin A: 291IU, Vitamin C: 1mg, Calcium: 108mg, Iron: 1mg
(Nutrition information provided is an estimate and will vary based on cooking methods and brands of ingredients used.)

Keyword Baileys Irish Cream, Baileys Irish Cream recipe, copycat Baileys Irish Cream, how to make Baileys Irish Cream

© SpendWithPennies.com. Content and photographs are copyright protected. Sharing of this recipe is both encouraged and appreciated. Copying and/or pasting full recipes to any social media is strictly prohibited. Please view my photo use policy here.

Cranberry Walnut Bread

Cranberry Walnut Bread is soft and fluffy with lots of tart cranberries and a delicious crunchy streusel on top! This quick bread takes no time at all and comes out with the perfect crumb. The sweet crumble topping is perfect with the tart berries and delicious warm from the oven.

A Favorite Quick Bread
Not only is it absolutely delicious when it’s hot and fresh, but it freezes well and makes amazing French toast with warm maple syrup and whipped cream!
So what exactly is a Quick Bread? Quick breads are so popular because the yeast is replaced with a different leavening agent like baking soda or baking powder (like when you make banana bread). It’s “quick” because there is no rising or kneading needed.

Ingredients
CRANBERRIES The signature ingredient in cranberry walnut bread is cranberries. Frozen cranberries are available year-round if fresh ones aren’t available and they can be used right from frozen.
BUTTERMILK Buttermilk gives the bread great texture and a tangy flavor plus helps it rise as it reacts with the baking soda. You can make your own buttermilk by mixing mix 2 cups of milk with 2 tablespoons of lemon juice or 2 tablespoons of white vinegar.
ADD-INS Instead of walnuts, pecans, pumpkin seeds, or pistachios are also complementary flavors! It’s easy to customize this cranberry bread.
CRUMBLE TOPPING Similar to a topping on apple crumble, this streusel is a combo of flour, oats, and brown sugar with cinnamon. For a citrusy flavor, add freshly grated orange or lemon zest to the crumble topping.

How to Make Cranberry Walnut Bread
Just a few simple steps and this delicious bread will be piping hot from the oven and ready to enjoy!

Whisk together dry ingredients (per recipe below).
Whisk wet ingredients together, then add to the center of dry mixture. Stir until just moistened.
Gently fold in cranberries and walnuts.
For the topping, combine all ingredients & mix together with your hands until mixture is moist & crumbly.
Pour batter into prepared pan & top with crumble. Bake according to the recipe.

Baking Tips

Do not overmix the batter. Overmixing will eliminate the air pockets that quick bread needs in order to rise properly.
For extra crunchy nuts with a more intense flavor, toast them in a small pan until fragrant and cool before adding.
Check the bread early to ensure it doesn’t overcook.
Check for doneness by inserting a toothpick in the center of the loaf. If it comes out clean the bread is done.
Cool in the pan for 10 minutes. Remove and place on a cooling rack to cool completely.

Storing Cranberry Walnut Bread

Keep cooled loaves at room temperature, wrapped tightly in plastic or in an airtight container for up to 4 days.
Freeze bread (either whole or in slices) for up to 4 months.

Quick Bread Faves

Did you love this Cranberry Walnut Bread? Be sure to leave a rating and a comment below! 

Cranberry Walnut Bread

A soft quickbread filled with cranberries and walnuts topped with a crumble topping.

Crumble Topping (optional)

Preheat oven to 350°F.Combine the dry ingredients and mix well.Add the milk and egg to the dry mixture. Stir until everything is just moist and add the butter. Stir until combined, but do not over-mix. Fold in the cranberries and nuts.For crumble topping, combine all the ingredients. Work the mixture with your hands, squeezing and stirring until it’s all moist and crumbly.Grease two 8×4 loaf pans. Pour batter evenly between two pans. Sprinkle the crumble topping on each loaf.Bake for 35-45 minutes or until a toothpick inserted comes out clean. Cool in the pan 10 minutes. Remove and cool on a rack. Cut each loaf into 8 slices.

Do not overmix the batter. Overmixing will eliminate the air pockets that quick bread needs in order to rise properly.
For extra crunchy nuts with a more intense flavor, toast them in a small pan until fragrant and cool before adding.
Check the bread early to ensure it doesn’t overcook.
Check for doneness by inserting a toothpick in the center of the loaf. If it comes out clean the bread is done.
Cool in the pan for 10 minutes. Remove and place on a cooling rack to cool completely. 
Nutrition information is for 1 slice.

Recipe updated for improved consistency 12/17/20

Serving: 1slice, Calories: 238, Carbohydrates: 37g, Protein: 5g, Fat: 8g, Saturated Fat: 4g, Trans Fat: 1g, Cholesterol: 25mg, Sodium: 308mg, Potassium: 183mg, Fiber: 2g, Sugar: 15g, Vitamin A: 203IU, Vitamin C: 1mg, Calcium: 82mg, Iron: 2mg
(Nutrition information provided is an estimate and will vary based on cooking methods and brands of ingredients used.)

Keyword cranberry bread, Cranberry Walnut Bread, Cranberry Walnut Bread recipe, how to make Cranberry Walnut Bread

© SpendWithPennies.com. Content and photographs are copyright protected. Sharing of this recipe is both encouraged and appreciated. Copying and/or pasting full recipes to any social media is strictly prohibited. Please view my photo use policy here.